An exotic tick previously unknown to the United States is actually spreading across the eastern U.S. with sightings in eight states This particular summer.
The Asian or longhorned tick, Haemaphysalis longicornis, has been found in Arkansas, Maryland, fresh Jersey, fresh York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia along with also West Virginia.
Native to East along with also Central Asia, the tick was thought to have been found for the 1st time within the U.S. after This particular was located on a farm in Hunterdon County, fresh Jersey, in November, yet the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Veterinary Services Laboratory recently confirmed a tick taken through a dog in Union County, fresh Jersey, in 2013 also was a longhorned tick.
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An invasive species in which congregates in large numbers, the longhorned tick can cause anemia in livestock. This particular is actually known to carry several diseases in which infect hogs along with also cattle in Asia. So far, ticks examined within the U.S. do not carry any infectious pathogens.
Maryland officials announced Tuesday in which its first longhorned tick sighting was confirmed July 27 within the western part of the state. The tick was found on a white-tailed deer in Washington County, according to a news Discharge through the Maryland Department of Health.
In early August, authorities said the tick was discovered on a wild deer in Centre County, Pennsylvania. In fresh Jersey, a tick was found in a wooded area within the central part of Bergen County in July during a routine collection of ticks by the county entomologist, said Alicia D’Alessandro, a county spokeswoman.
The appearance within the region has prompted health officials to warn residents to take precautions when they are outside.
“Ticks can be found in your own backyard, so This particular is actually essential to wear long sleeves along with also pants, use insect repellent containing DEET to help keep you safe through ticks along with also the diseases they carry,” Pennsylvania Secretary of Health Dr. Rachel Levine said. “This particular is actually also important to check yourself along with also your pets for ticks, as pets can bring ticks indoors.”
Easily confused with some other tick species, including the rabbit tick, which is actually common within the Eastern U.S., the species’ distinctive “horns” may not be visible without a microscope. The Asian tick infests host animals in dense clusters of numerous ticks. Female Asian ticks reproduce asexually, so an individual tick can reproduce along with also lay 2,000 eggs after feeding on a host. Cattle, pets, smaller mammals, birds along with also humans are all potential hosts.
Unfed ticks can live nearly a year. They have been found on a variety of wild animals, birds, pets along with also humans. An infestation spreads quickly in farm animals.
“Even experts have difficulty distinguishing among tick species, so This particular is actually important to take precautions to protect pets, livestock along with also family members through becoming a host for ticks of any kind,” Pennsylvania veterinarian David Wolfgang said. “Scientists don’t yet know how This particular species will adapt to the North American climate along with also animal hosts, yet we know This particular survived fresh Jersey’s winter along with also has infested sheep along with also cattle in This particular region.”
The longhorned tick can transmit an animal disease called theileriosis to livestock. The disease can reduce milk production in dairy cows along with also cause blood loss in along with also the occasional death of calves. Sheep farmers can see poorer wool.
Health officials do not know whether the longhorned tick is actually capable of transmitting Lyme disease, yet This particular has been shown in Asia to spread some other serious diseases such as SFTS virus along with also the pathogen in which causes Japanese spotted fever, along with many diseases in animals. SFTS, or severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome, is actually an emerging infectious disease in which can be fatal.
“Our entomologist says there should be no more or less concerns about This particular tick than any some other,” D’Alessandro, of Bergen County, said. “The basic precautions should be followed.”
fresh Jersey officials have been on the lookout for the species since This particular was identified last fall. How This particular got on the Hunterdon County sheep is actually unclear since the sheep had never been out of the country along with also had been grazing alone for years.
“Taking steps to protect yourself, your children along with also pets against ticks is actually the best way to prevent tick bites along with also tickborne diseases,” fresh York state Health CommissionerHoward Zucker said.
“We will continue to conduct surveillance along with also research on This particular fresh type of tick, yet This particular is actually encouraging in which the same steps in which protect against deer ticks are also effective against the longhorned tick.”
The longhorned tick was found in multiple locations in Westchester County, fresh York, in July, the state health department said.
This particular was identified in fresh York by the Health Department in conjunction with researchers at Fordham University along with also the Lyme Disease Diagnostic Center of fresh York Medical College.
Here are some safety tips through the fresh York State Department of Health:
- Wear long pants along with also long-sleeved shirts to protect against ticks some other biting insects.
- Check for ticks often while outdoors along with also brush off any ticks before they attach.
- Perform a full body check multiple times during the day.
- Consider use of repellents containing DEET, picaridin or IR3535, following label instructions.
- If you have been bitten by a tick of any kind, contact your health care provider immediately if you develop a rash or flu-like symptoms.