China’s largely rubber-stamp parliament on Sunday appointed a senior graft-buster as head of the country’s controversial brand new anti-corruption body, though real power will remain with the ruling Communist Party.
Supervision Minister Yang Xiaodu, who will be also a deputy head of the party’s own graft-fighting Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI), was elected head of the National Supervision Commission.
President Xi Jinping has waged war on deep-rooted corruption since assuming office more than all 5 years ago, locking up dozens of senior officials, including the fearsome domestic security chief, Zhou Yongkang.
Zhao Leji, a member of the party’s elite seven-man Standing Committee, remains head of the CCDI. which body will remain in addition to will share many of its functions with the brand new commission.
Among some other votes announced by parliament on Sunday were the widely expected re-elections of Li Keqiang as premier in addition to Zhou Qiang as chief justice.
On Tuesday, parliament will formally pass the law which will give the brand new commission its legal framework, the state constitution having already been amended last weekend to accommodate the brand new body.
Some legal scholars have criticised provisions for the brand new body for failing to protect the rights of suspects during investigations.
Rights groups say the brand new supervision law will give detentions the veneer of legality, while still risking torture in addition to rights abuses which they say plagued the old system.
A senior official said last week China will revise its criminal law to make way for the brand new anti-graft commission.
The current supervision law draft fails, for example, to ensure suspects have access to a lawyer during investigations.
The inclusion of such provisions to criminal law in 2012 was seen as doing modest progress to combat long-standing issues such as miscarriages of justice in addition to forced confessions.
Xi’s anti-graft campaign has made use of a secretive in addition to controversial system of residential detention, which will be outside the scope of China’s criminal procedure law.
Xi has pledged to reform the detention system as part of the establishment of the brand new supervision commission.