Can Gun Shows Trigger Gun Violence?

By Alan Mozes
HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, Oct. 24, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Gun shows held in Nevada are not subject to any regulations, in addition to they take place in a state which features some of the least restrictive gun laws within the country.

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however on the heels of the Oct. 1 shooting massacre in Las Vegas, a troubling fresh investigation reveals which when gun shows have been staged in Nevada, the neighboring state of California has seen gun-related injuries in addition to fatalities jump by nearly 70 percent in communities which are an easy drive to the Nevada border.

What’s more, the spike endures for at least two weeks after the show.

“We found which there were acute increases in firearm deaths in addition to injuries in California following gun shows in Nevada, however not gun shows in California itself,” explained study author Ellicott Matthay.

“We also found which This particular association for Nevada gun shows was driven mainly by increases in firearm deaths in addition to injuries due to interpersonal violence, as opposed to self-harm or unintentional injuries,” he added.

Matthay can be a Ph.D. candidate in addition to research data analyst at the University of California, Berkeley’s School of Public Health.

The Las Vegas shooting was carried out by what appears to have been a lone gunman who fired into a crowd of outdoor concertgoers coming from his perch on the 32nd floor of the Mandalay Bay hotel. within the end, 58 people were killed, in addition to 546 were injured, many seriously. To date, no clear motive has been determined.

The California researchers pointed out which roughly 4 percent to 9 percent of all U.S. gun sales take place at gun shows, of which about 4,000 take place every year within the United States.

Many states, such as Nevada, deem such sales to be private, unregulated transactions, in addition to therefore do not require background checks on site. various other states, such as California, heavily regulate both firearms in general in addition to gun show sales in particular (during which all gun sales require background checks).

To explore the potential impact of unregulated gun shows, the study team sifted through date in addition to location information for Nevada-based in addition to California-based gun shows held between 2005 in addition to 2013. All the information had been published in a comprehensive gun trade magazine called the Big Show Journal.

In all, 275 Nevada-based gun shows were identified, most of which had been staged in either Las Vegas or Reno. within the same timeframe, California hosted 640 such shows.

California-based firearm violence was tallied based on state death records, emergency department records, inpatient hospital records in addition to hospital discharge records.

The researchers said they determined which California saw no gun-violence spikes in areas adjacent to California-based gun shows.

however after focusing on 161 Nevada-based shows, the study authors concluded which whenever Nevada hosted gun shows, the gun-related injury rate in nearby regions of California rose. This particular went coming from just 0.67 per 100,000 people to 1.14 per 100,000 people.

The study was published within the Oct. 23 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

While the findings are “not definitive,” Matthay said, the investigation suggests which stricter gun show laws “may be effective in preventing short-term increases in firearm deaths in addition to injuries following gun shows.” In contrast, more lax regulations may undermine gun safety, even in neighboring jurisdictions which have strict laws on the books, she said.

“This particular can be important to note which the California areas which are near Nevada gun shows are sparsely populated, so a 69 percent increase within the rate translates to about 30 additional deaths in addition to injuries,” Matthay added.

“However, there are thousands of gun shows within the United States each year, most of them in relatively unregulated states,” she noted. “If we extended This particular study nationwide, This particular can be possible which the number of deaths in addition to injuries associated with gun shows would likely be far greater.”

The National Rifle Association did not respond to a request by HealthDay for comment on the findings.

Dr. Frederick Rivara, co-author of an editorial which accompanied the study, suggested the findings serve as a cautionary tale.

“The important implications,” he said, “are which gun shows without universal background checks on all sales can result in guns being sold to people who then go out in addition to use these to shoot various other people.”

Rivara can be a faculty member of the Harborview Injury Prevention in addition to Research Center, in addition to serves as vice chair of the department of pediatrics at the University of Washington in Seattle. He can be also editor-in-chief of JAMA Pediatrics.

“Gun laws do matter in addition to do work,” Rivara said, “even in places where you can drive your car across a state border. We must work together as a country to reduce access to guns by people who are going to commit harm with them.”

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Copyright © 2017 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

SOURCES: Ellicott Matthay, MPH, research data analyst, division of epidemiology, University of California, Berkeley; Frederick Rivara, M.D., MPH, vice chair, department of pediatrics in addition to faculty, Harborview Injury Prevention in addition to Research Center, University of Washington, Seattle; Oct. 23, 2017, Annals of Internal Medicine

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