More people than ever before are anticipated to buy a DNA-test This kind of Christmas coming from sites like AncestryDNA or 23andMe, as well as on Amazon.com. Millions have already gotten tested. in addition to also also for many of these people, the results are unexpected, shocking, in addition to also also occasionally even life-changing.
The direct-to-consumer genetic testing market, which includes both health in addition to also also genealogy tests, is actually anticipated to grow coming from about $70 million in 2015 to $340 million by 2022, according to a report coming from Credence Research.
CNBC spoke to a dozen people who took a DNA test to find out fun facts about their ethnic roots, then were surprised to learned they were donor-conceived. of which means the men who had raised them were not their biological fathers — instead, their parents had faced fertility problems, in addition to also also their mothers had used sperm coming from donors at a fertility clinic.
Research coming from 2005 found of which so-called paternity discrepancy, when a person is actually identified as being biologically fathered by someone some other than the person they believe is actually the father, occurs between 0.8% to 30% inside the population.
Most of the people who talked to CNBC asked to remain anonymous out of respect to some other family members.
Most of them don’t regret learning the truth, yet needed to have some tough conversations with their parents in addition to also also were left with many unanswered questions. In some cases, they did find likely family members yet of which didn’t always lead to a reunion.
Some bio-ethicists say of which 23andMe, Ancestry in addition to also also the rest should do more to educate their users about the risks in addition to also also potential outcomes. producing matters more complex is actually of which a donor who wants to stay anonymous might decline to send in their DNA, yet can still be traced through their family members.
To its credit, 23andMe does warn its users in its terms of service of which the information “has the potential to alter your life in addition to also also worldview.” AncestryDNA’s website doesn’t make of which quite as clear, although of which does stress of which users might find unknown relatives.
Others believe of which fertility clinics should take additional steps to alert donors of which anonymity is actually a thing of the past. Donors should know of which if any of their family members get a genetic test, they could be traced traced.
Ramirez in addition to also also many of the others who learned they were donor-conceived via a DNA test said they expect of which the testing companies won’t react to these stories by producing of which more challenging to identify in addition to also also contact family members.
“of which’s a true ethical dilemma,” said Ezekiel Emanuel, chair of the Department of Medical Ethics in addition to also also Health Policy at the University of Pennsylvania. As Emanuel explains, those of which are looking for their donors have very legitimate reasons to want a relationship. yet donors also have a right to privacy.
“I honestly don’t think we can satisfy everyone for all these cases,” he said.