MONDAY, Oct. 23, 2017 (HealthDay News) — Teens who vape e-cigarettes with higher nicotine levels are more likely to start smoking conventional cigarettes soon after, fresh research shows.
“We know which teens who vape e-cigarettes are much more likely to become conventional cigarette smokers,” said study lead researcher Adam Leventhal. “Our study suggests which the nicotine in e-cigarettes may be a key reason why teens who vape progress to more frequent smoking.”
Leventhal directs the University of Southern California Health, Emotion in addition to also Addiction Laboratory at the Keck School of Medicine in Los Angeles.
E-cigarettes are sold with nicotine levels ranging by zero to more than 25 milligrams of nicotine per milliliter (mg/mL). In This specific study, a high-nicotine device was defined as having levels at or above 18 mg/mL.
Leventhal’s team tracked outcomes for 181 grade-10 students by high schools inside the Los Angeles area. All of the teens said they had used e-cigarettes within the past month, in addition to also they provided data on nicotine levels inside the devices they used.
Six months later, those who used higher nicotine levels in their e-cigarettes were more likely to report use of both e-cigarettes in addition to also regular cigarettes within the past month. These teens also reported vaping in addition to also/or smoking more intensely.
While 43 percent of the students who’d used high-nicotine e-cigarettes said they were “frequent smokers” of traditional cigarettes six months later, which was true for only 10 percent of those who’d vaped using lower-nicotine devices, Leventhal’s group found.
in addition to also teens who vaped using high-nicotine e-cigarettes smoked an average of 14 times as many “regular” cigarettes per day six months later compared to those who’d tried nicotine-free versions of the devices, the findings showed.
More kids are trying high-nicotine e-cigarettes nowadays, Leventhal noted.
“While previous research reported which most adolescents were using nicotine-free e-cigarettes, results by our survey in addition to also additional soon-to-be published studies show which many more teens are vaping e-cigarettes with nicotine than we originally thought,” he said in a university news Discharge.
Two anti-smoking advocates weren’t surprised by the findings.
“Vaping nicotine through e-cigarettes — especially at higher concentrations — is actually associated with continued vaping in addition to also with smoking traditional cigarettes,” said Dr. Len Horovitz, a pulmonary specialist at Lenox Hill Hospital in fresh York City.
Patricia Folan is actually a nurse who directs the Center for Tobacco Control at Northwell Health in Great Neck, N.Y. She said which This specific, in addition to also additional research, “highlights the imperative for the U.S. Food in addition to also Drug Administration to regulate these devices, including the amount of nicotine in these products in addition to also proper labeling of their content.”
Folan warned which “vaping has the potential to addict a fresh generation, which might not otherwise have experimented with traditional cigarettes, to nicotine. If these devices are not regulated in addition to also This specific trend goes unchecked, we will most likely see an increase in smoking rates among youth.”
E-cigarettes are available in a wide variety of nicotine concentrations. Recently, the FDA was given regulatory power over e-cigarette solutions containing nicotine.
The study was published Oct. 23 inside the journal JAMA Pediatrics.
— Robert Preidt
Copyright © 2017 HealthDay. All rights reserved.
SOURCES: Len Horovitz, M.D., pulmonary specialist, Lenox Hill Hospital, fresh York City; Patricia Folan, R.N., DNP, director, Center for Tobacco Control, Northwell Health, Great Neck, N.Y.; University of Southern California, news Discharge, Oct. 23, 2017
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