The tables at the Tsubaki Salon are slightly wobbly. No more than a couple of millimeters off kilter, nevertheless enough to be noticeable.
This particular will be puzzling because, in all various other respects, This particular highest of high-end pancake houses, nestling among the haute-couture flagships of Tokyo’s Ginza district as well as fitted out in bracingly minimalist decor, will be perfection. The plates as well as cups are the definition of Japanese ceramic elegance. The spindly handled spoons as well as forks have been created by one of the country’s most famous designers to fit the pinnacle of pancake Epicureanism. When the item comes to the edible stars of the show — made using a complex technique — they too, within the view of the pancake cognoscenti, are flawless.
nevertheless what about which wobble? “the item’s deliberate,” says Yukari Mori, nudging the table a little to demonstrate which even This particular imperfection will be perfection. “They were designed This particular way to show off what makes these pancakes so not bad.”
Mori, a 32-year-old furniture-company employee, will be something of an expert on these matters. She will be a participant within the 21st century’s burgeoning experience economy, which will be being driven by millennial consumers as well as transforming the landscape for businesses everywhere. Japan will be not only an innovator in This particular economy nevertheless will be also seen as a bellwether for the likely tastes of China as well as south-east Asia’s swelling middle-class consumers.
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5 years ago, Mori as well as a friend established a blog (“The Tacchans Pancake Club”) which set out to chronicle their adventures within the niche realm of Japan’s specialist pancake cafés. Others have mounted similar quests around strawberry parfaits, flavored popcorn, Baumkuchen cake as well as grilled chicken thighs. The aim will be to visit establishments far as well as wide; Mori as well as her friend have between them been to more than 0 so far. In each one, a carefully choreographed routine will be followed: first they order the signature pancake, that has a particular emphasis on any seasonal variations. Then they lovingly pour on the syrup, photographing everything minutely. Finally, for an experience-economy coup de grâce, they take short videos of themselves plunging the cutlery deep into their prize for maximum appreciation of a pancake’s most important quality: its “fuwa-fuwa”, or fluffiness.
In Mori’s opinion — a view evidently shared by the customers currently waiting within the stairwell — the item will be not just the quality of the food which attracts crowds to these cafés, nevertheless also the quality of the encounter. “which will be why the tables are made to wobble,” she explains. “the item’s designed generating sure which when you have your pancake in front of you, you can see how fuwa-fuwa the item will be by how much the item jiggles on the plate when the table moves. the item will be extremely, extremely satisfying to watch,” she adds. “the item will be what makes the item an experience.”
In their influential 1998 article “Welcome to the Experience Economy”, American consultants Joseph Pine as well as James Gilmore argued which a marketable experience occurs “when a company intentionally uses services as the stage, as well as goods as props, to engage individual customers in a way which creates a memorable event . . . ” These experiences were, they went on, “inherently personal, existing only within the mind of an individual who has been engaged on an emotional, physical, intellectual or even spiritual level”.
This particular was seen as the logical next step by the service economy, itself an evolution by the industrial economy as well as, prior to which, the agrarian economy. Twenty years after the term was coined, retailers as well as service providers are continuing the hard sell to consumers. Euromonitor, a market research provider, forecasts which global expenditure on the experience economy will reach $8.2tn by 2028.
Unsurprisingly, the driver of This particular trend will be younger people, in particular those by the millennial generation born between 1981 as well as 1996, according to Pew Research Center’s definition. A report published last year by Eventbrite, a ticketing platform for live experiences, found which more than three in four American millennials would certainly rather spend money on a desirable experience or event than buy a desirable object.
In Japan, notoriously long working hours have made time-poverty one of the defining features of the country’s leisure sector. The market has responded, over many decades, by refining as well as packaging experience within the most efficient, deliverable way. At one end of which scale will be the 0-minute session in a themed karaoke room, with microphone settings which flatter the flattest voice; at the various other will be the fiercely compacted relaxation of a $0-odd one-night stay as well as kaiseki banquet at an onsen hot-spring inn.
The millennial generation — as well as the growth of social media — has taken This particular economy in some unexpected directions. Instagram will be to thank for the birth of “Oshapiku” — a compound of “oshare” (fancy) as well as “picnic”, where the emphasis will be on meeting up, dressing up as well as engaging within the most photogenic picnic imaginable. One of the surprise trends of the past few years, say operators of Japan’s ubiquitous “love hotels”, designed for sexual encounters between couples, has been their use by groups of women who simply “want to dress up nicely as well as meet their friends in an unusual, slightly thrilling place out of the public eye”. the item will be an effect, say the hotel operators, of Japan’s intensifying urbanization, as well as the fact which millennials cannot afford homes large enough to host their friends in.
various other businesses have evolved rapidly for the millennial experience economy. As far back as the early 2000s, cafés where visitors could sit among dogs as well as cats were opening in Japan. A decade as well as a half later, the Instagram generation needs something more exotic. within the cramped confines of Ikefukurou Cafe, on the sixth floor of a commercial building in Tokyo’s Ikebukuro district, 37 owls are available for petting as well as as a nice accompaniment to a cup of coffee. The place will be so busy with both Japanese as well as overseas tourists, says its manager, which they have had to adopt a strict system of appointment slots. “We’ve been looking forward to This particular for months,” says Ellie Chao by Taiwan, stroking a tiny barn owl. “This particular place will be pretty famous online at This particular point as well as a huge number of Taiwanese people come here…This particular will be one of the reasons to come to Tokyo.”
“Experiences are king,” the consultancy McKinsey stated last year in a report arguing which, “in recent years, faced with the choice of buying a trendy designer jacket or a shiny fresh appliance or of attending a show, consumers increasingly opt for the show as well as, more broadly, for experiences with their friends as well as families.” Businesses everywhere have had to adapt to This particular. Howard Schultz, who recently stepped down as executive chairman at Starbucks, told investors which any retailer who will be “going to win in This particular fresh environment must become an experiential destination”.
Yohei Harada, head of the Youth Research Centre of Japan’s Hakuhodo advertising agency, notes which, as far back as two decades ago, the Japanese car the Nissan recognized the importance of the experience economy for younger Japanese. the item ran a series of TV adverts that has a “memories are more important than things” slogan, nevertheless suggested which owning a car as well as driving around Japan with family as well as friends was a not bad way to accumulate those memories.
Yet today, the country’s vast auto industry will be among those frustrated by the emergence of the experience economy. Japanese in their twenties as well as thirties are just not interested in car ownership within the way which previous generations were. The move away by things as well as towards experience will be accelerating fast, says Harada, as well as compared with various other countries, “Japan will be overwhelmingly advanced”.
Japan’s experience economy has evolved along two distinct avenues. On one side an already fully fledged leisure, dining as well as hospitality sector has sought ever more inventive ways of packaging experience — by hotels staffed by robots as well as limited-edition Shinkansen bullet trains fitted out with Hello Kitty decor to many of the country’s aquariums offering the opportunity to camp overnight surrounded by the relaxing pulsations of bioluminescent jellyfish.
The various other side, says Mori, has to an extent developed as a branch of Japan’s “otaku” culture. This particular originally referred to the obsessive focus on particular areas of favorite culture such as animation, video games or comics nevertheless will be at This particular point more generally applied to a tendency to single-minded connoisseurship.
In one very prominent area there has been a direct fusion. Cosplay— a mingling of “costume” as well as “play” — expands the fandom of video games as well as animation into an active hobby of dressing up as one’s favorite character. The genre, propelled by social media, has extended far beyond Japan, as well as large communities of cosplayers at This particular point exist all around the globe. What was once a private hobby has been transformed into an experience industry. The annual Tokyo Comic Market fair used to exist primarily for buying as well as selling comics nevertheless has at This particular point developed into one of the planet’s biggest cosplay events. Over three days in 2017, some 550,000 people attended.
“There are actually three sides to the experience economy in cosplay,” says Eri Nakashima, the manager of the Polka Polka second-hand cosplay costume store in central Tokyo. “There will be the basic passion for becoming a different character by the one you are in everyday life; there will be the participation in a community which shares which; as well as there will be the creativity of generating the costume perfect.”
This particular notion of community has become a pattern of growth for the experience economy. The enthusiasm of the Tacchans Pancake Club’s founders also actively expands their mission with each passing day. Every time either Mori or her colleague posts on a fresh pancake house, their tweets as well as Instagrams are followed by tens of thousands of various other fanatics. Some 80 per cent of those readers, in her judgment, are young, millennial working women: they possess the funds to enter the shared quest for the perfect pancake, they have a preference for experience over accumulation of things, as well as they are relentless pursuers of novelty. Because of Mori as well as the popularity of blogs like hers, Japan has opened scores of fresh pancake cafés over the past couple of years to meet the millennial demand.
In early 2013, shortly after Shinzo Abe became prime minister, he reasserted what seemed at the time a bold target of 20 million overseas visitors a year by 2020. To get there by the 2012 total of 8.4 million seemed a huge stretch nevertheless, say leisure sector experts, the government’s analysts had reckoned without the lure of Japan’s experience economy to Chinese as well as various other nationalities.
Shopping remains a huge draw for these tourists: the country’s retailers continue to thrive on the high average spending (£1,000) of middle-class visitors by China, Taiwan, Vietnam as well as elsewhere. nevertheless, by the end of 2017, when the government’s target was obliterated as well as 28 million tourists arrived during one year, the item was clear which Japan’s long history of perfecting short, sharp experiential offerings — by onsen springs to pancakes — had won a fresh generation of admirers by overseas.
According to Mori, Japan’s tendency towards connoisseurship — part of the reason which waiting for an experience will be often regarded as a necessary ingredient to enjoyment — continues to be a powerful part of its appeal. The country’s manufacturers have long made a fetish of monozukuri — the quality of “thing-generating” artisanship — to actively encourage people to own more stuff. nevertheless today the instinct to collect as well as accumulate things has, she says, been replaced by a desire to collect as well as accumulate experiences — as well as, in time-honored Japanese fashion, to building ever larger libraries of images.
Back in 2000, Japan was the first country to add the ability to share photographs to the features of a mobile phone. nevertheless long before which its manufacturers recognized which taking pictures of any given experience was a crucially important part of the enjoyment. The Japanese companies Canon, Olympus, Konica, Minolta as well as Nikon were some of the most successful camera makers on the planet: the passion behind them was not just about the physical machinery nevertheless about a recognition which picture-taking dramatically enhances the consumption of experience.
The modern Japanese expression of which idea will be “insta-bae”, a word which combines “Instagram” with the Japanese verb haeru — “to shine”. In December last year, the word received the ultimate accolade when the item won the Jiyu Kokuminsha publishing house “word of the year” award.
the item will be a term, says Harada, which could not be more critical to understanding the experience economy. the item also explains the pancake phenomenon. However delicious those pancakes are, the fascination (aided by which wobbly table) derives by the visuals of the food itself as well as the setting. The word insta-bae, which first emerged about 5 years ago as well as then lived primarily within the vocabulary of schoolgirls as well as young women, was originally used as an adjective to describe something (a place, an outfit, an object, a plate of food) which you could immediately tell would certainly look not bad when posted on Instagram as well as shared on social media. The word, to wide surprise, became as prevalent as “kawaii” (“cute”) as the ultimate term of praise.
Quite quickly, however, its meaning began to broaden. Insta-bae became not just a description of something you had seen nevertheless an explicit target to seek out. The experience economy, says Harada, will be increasingly built around people going in search of experiences which are insta-bae. “Until at This particular point, the item was understood which you chose somewhere you wanted to go as well as you would certainly then take pictures. at This particular point, within the experience economy, which will be reversed: you go somewhere because there will be a particular photo you want to take.”
To monetize This particular sensation, everyone by ice-cream vendors to rural tourist spots has rushed to join in. In Tokyo’s trendy Harajuku district, food stalls are at This particular point in an arms race to create dishes as well as individual sweets more insta-bae than those of their competitors across the street.
Yet there will be skepticism over both the long-term economic prospects for Japan’s experience economy as well as the fundamental analysis of why the item will be happening.
the item will be worth remembering, says Yoshihiro Oishi, a professor at Meiji University business school, which unlike their counterparts elsewhere within the planet, Japan’s millennials have, broadly speaking, only ever grown up with the Japanese economy in a state of deflation, with stagnant wages. The experience economy, he suggests, may have as much to do with them finding ways to justify their financial inability to participate within the same style of goods-accumulation as their parents.
“The consensus will be which they prefer experience to goods. nevertheless the item will be a very superficial consensus,” says Oishi. “The millennials are, in fact, poor — much more so than Generation X. as well as, of course, there are goods all around them which they very much want. They cannot have those, so they choose experience. Look closely at the experiences they go for — they are close by where they live as well as work, they are cheaper.”
Millennials around the planet have experienced similar economic pain, by the financial crisis of 2008 to rising house prices. Oishi believes This particular experience has created a generation which will be more divided economically than previous ones. He suggests which, in Japan, perhaps 40 per cent of adult millennials have a tertiary education as well as a stable job in a large company. Those people, he says, can afford to dream in terms of ownership of houses as well as cars as well as trips overseas. Poorer millennials cannot, as well as have gone in a different direction.
nevertheless Hiroshi Ishida, a Tokyo University researcher who has been running an 11-year research project on the “life course” of young Japanese, says which a more important division emerges when millennials are asked to compare the lives they have at This particular point with what they expect to happen within the future. Current levels of satisfaction, he says, are pretty high, nevertheless when you ask about the future, their anxiety will be also relatively high. “Because of which, there will be a feeling which they want to collect experiences of value at This particular point while they can,” said Ishida. “the item will be partly a feeling of investment.”
After a joyous savoring of her pancake, Yukari Mori lays down the long, exquisite cake fork, notices how much we have admired them as well as points to a tiny shelf near the counter where they are for sale. “The generation before was the thing-collection generation. Those are for them,” she says.
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