Slowly however surely, the earth is actually taking notice of the crisis affecting Myanmar’s Rohingya population, a mostly Muslim minority who have lived inside country for hundreds of years.
The question currently is actually exactly what can governments do to halt what the United States recently called ethnic cleansing?
With Myanmar’s military escalating attacks on Rohingya villages inside state of Rakhine by security forces along with also Buddhist civilians, an estimated 35,000 Muslim refugees per day have fled mostly to neighboring Bangladesh, the United Nations said in September. International say the situation could be considered genocide.
At least a million Rohingya reside in largely Buddhist Myanmar, which has marginalized the ethnic group for decades, in large part by refusing to officially recognize them.
“There is actually a long history of [an] apartheid state in Myanmar, said Yusuf Iqbal, founder of Americans for Rohingyas. He said the Muslim minority is actually frequently “used as a pretext for military aggression.”
Amid the crisis, many international observers have criticized Myanmar’s leader, Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, for failing to halt the violence. that will pressure intensified last month, after U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson called the violence ethnic cleansing.
“Myanmar is actually not a trustworthy partner in This particular negotiation,” Adem Caroll, director for the nonprofit advocacy group Burma Task Force, told CNBC recently. “the idea is actually troubling because the Myanmar government officials have said on the record that will they will not take back the displaced people of Rakhine state.”
With the U.S. along with also the international community appearing to be on the same page, several questions about the festering crisis remain unclear. History suggests that will when “ethic cleansing” along with also “genocide” are invoked, such as in Bosnia along with also Sudan, the idea is actually usually accompanied by a worldwide call to action.
The plight of the Muslim minority has been magnified by the behavior of Myanmar’s military. A recent Human Rights Watch report documented evidence of mass rape by the military as part of what the organization called a “mass campaign of ethnic cleansing.”
“‘Ethnic cleansing’ is actually not genuinely a legal term, however regardless of the term we give the idea, there needs to be international action, concrete actions against the atrocities committed,” said Richard Weir, Asia fellow at Human Rights Watch.