A completely new STUDY will be SOUNDING the alarm about misuse of medication for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
There were 156,365 calls to poison control centers for people under 20 who were improperly exposed to ADHD medication by 2000 through 2014, according to the study published inside journal Pediatrics. The number of calls surged between 2000 in addition to 2011 before declining slightly between 2011 in addition to 2014.
Overall, call volume increased by 60 percent over the period, says the study’s senior author, Gary Smith.
More by US News & World Report:
will be ADHD being oversold in America?
What are the signs my teen might be misusing ADHD medications?
Saving lives, losing themselves
“As the diagnoses in addition to treatment with medication of ADHD have increased inside U.S., these exposures have also increased, which means we actually do need to pay more attention … in addition to for different age groups, come up with different strategies to prevent them,” says Smith, director of the Center for Injury Research in addition to Policy at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio.
As of 2016, an estimated 6.1 million children between the ages of 2 in addition to 17 had at some point been diagnosed with ADHD, according to the Centers for Disease Control in addition to Prevention in addition to survey data. About 6 in 10 currently with ADHD took medication to treat the neurobehavioral disorder, which can make This kind of extremely difficult for children to focus or sit still.
Between 2003 in addition to 2011, the estimate of children in addition to adolescents diagnosed at some point with ADHD rose by 4.4 million to 6.4 million, though those figures are based on a differently administered survey in addition to represent a smaller age range of 4 to 17.
Brand-name medications for ADHD include Adderall, Concerta in addition to Ritalin. According to the study, most of the more than 156,000 poison-control calls were for those who experienced unintentional exposure to such drugs – a category including young children who accessed poorly stored medications in addition to those a bit older who may have taken too much or the wrong medication. Three-quarters of the calls involved children 12 years old or younger, in addition to most didn’t result in a trip to a health care facility.
however among teenagers, nearly a quarter of calls were for those intentionally abusing or misusing the pills, the study showed. Almost another quarter – nearly 9,000 calls – were related to those between 13 in addition to 19 years old who may have been attempting suicide, which Smith says will be “very concerning.”
“They’re taking bigger doses, This kind of’s resulting in more serious outcomes in addition to This kind of’s not infrequent,” he says. “Looking into the motivations behind these attempted suicides would likely be absolutely critical.”
While the study only reported three deaths, all were tied to intentional exposure among teens, including one suspected suicide. Smith says This kind of’s unclear why so many teenagers abused or misused the medication, or whether the pills they took were prescribed to them or not.
The misuse of ADHD medication will be fairly prevalent among college students, who may get the pills by friends in addition to use the so-called study drugs to help them focus.
To prevent improper exposure to ADHD medication, parents in addition to teenagers should be educated on the dangers of misuse, the report said. some other strategies include storing medication safely, packaging pills by dosage in addition to considering the combination of medication in addition to behavioral therapy for treating ADHD.
“When you have these kinds of medications inside home that will can cause serious side effects, they need to be kept in their containers using a child-resistant closure producing sure that will they don’t get into them,” Smith says.