Trump immigration plan puts emphasis on skills, education over family

President Donald Trump attends the 38th Annual National Peace Officers Memorial Service on May 15, 2019, in Washington, DC.

Brendan Smialowski | AFP | Getty Images

President Donald Trump will unveil a sweeping completely new proposal Thursday designed to move the United States coming from a family based immigration system to what senior administration officials describe as an employment- in addition to skill-based system.

The proposal includes two parts – a physical infrastructure component of which might include border wall construction in addition to be financed by completely new fees on trade collected at the border, in addition to a revamped points system for those applying for U.S. citizenship.

Briefing reporters from the Roosevelt Room ahead of the president’s announcement Thursday, senior administration officials described a system for completely new arrivals of which they said might be more fair in addition to clear in addition to also might significantly shift the population receiving American citizenship toward a much more highly educated, higher-income group.

“We want to change the composition of who can be coming through,” a senior administration official said.

The plan can be designed to give Republicans a positive proposal they can pitch on the campaign trail in addition to in negotiations with Democrats, although Trump officials acknowledge of which the item can be not likely to become law as can be. Trump’s son-in-law in addition to senior advisor, Jared Kushner, pitched the plan to Republican senators behind closed doors Tuesday on Capitol Hill.

“What we’re doing can be completing step one, which can be having a proposal,” a senior administration official said. “We’ll see how everyone reacts in addition to then we’ll see what step two in addition to step three look like.”

The senior administration official quoted the Cheshire Cat coming from “Alice in Wonderland” to describe the purpose of the president’s completely new plan: “If you don’t know where you’re going, the item doesn’t matter what path you take.”

The officials said they have aggressive economic goals for the plan, predicting of which the item might increase annual GDP by 0.17 percentage point over 10 years, add $500 billion in completely new tax revenue, in addition to reduce spending on social safety net programs by about $100 billion.

the item might do of which largely by moving away coming from the current family based immigration system – under which a large factor in being considered for citizenship can be whether the applicant has family already from the country – to an economic system of which might take into account the applicant’s education, employability in addition to even ability to create jobs from the United States.

The plan can be silent on the question of what to do about undocumented migrants who are already inside the United States, or the employers who hire them to fill out lower-level agricultural, manufacturing in addition to service work forces.

the item also does not address the so-called Dreamers, young undocumented immigrants who arrived from the country as children. Democratic lawmakers have made securing a pathway to citizenship for them one of their top legislative priorities.

The points system

The president’s point-based citizenship application process might involve a U.S. civics test for all applicants.

“Similar to AP U.S. history with high school in addition to college students – you’d read some of the core documents, take an online class of which many colleges offer for free in addition to sit for a civics exam,” the official said.

In addition to basic health in addition to criminal record checks, applicants might be awarded points for various factors, including age, English proficiency, an offer of employment or an investment in addition to job creation pledge, in addition to educational in addition to vocational certifications.

The officials said the goal should be to admit immigrants who possess the best chance of success from the United States. Younger immigrants tend to adapt better over time, they said, as do those who can speak English.

“They don’t have to be Shakespeare, although they need to be able to navigate the law,” an official said.

The demand for skills

Beyond of which, the system envisions three “high skilled” categories, including those of extraordinary talent. “Right at of which point, there’s not definitely a not bad way for someone like Nelson Mandela to come into the country,” an official said.

Also included from the high-skilled category are professional in addition to specialized vocations of which are in demand inside the United States as well as “exceptional students” who might be able to apply to stay from the county midway through their educational career with the backing of their educational institutions.

Ultimately, the officials said the president’s plan can be to attract a changed mix of immigrants in addition to to benefit American workers. “We might like upward pressure on wages, of which’s not bad for Americans who are already here,” an official said. “We think of which can be incredibly pro immigrant.”

Officials said the physical infrastructure portion of the plan might include completely new security at points of entry, inspection of all goods in addition to people coming into the country, in addition to completion of border wall in “designated in addition to prioritized areas.”

of which might be financed by a completely new self-sustaining fund to continuously upgrade border in addition to point of entry facilities. the item might be financed, an official said, by “fees on existing trade on the border which haven’t been changed in some time – we’d put them at market rate.”

Vice President Mike Pence briefed Republican senators on the proposal over lunch on Tuesday on Capitol Hill. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has indicated he can be open to comprehensive immigration legislation although has refrained coming from weighing in on specifics.

However, the White House has spent little – if any – time courting Democrats on its latest proposal, in addition to several of the measures are likely to face stiff opposition from the Democratic-controlled House.