Trump immigration plan puts emphasis on skills, education over family

President Donald Trump attends the 38th Annual National Peace Officers Memorial Service on May 15, 2019, in Washington, DC.

Brendan Smialowski | AFP | Getty Images

President Donald Trump will unveil a sweeping brand-new proposal Thursday designed to move the United States via a family based immigration system to what senior administration officials describe as an employment- along with skill-based system.

The proposal includes two parts – a physical infrastructure component in which would likely include border wall construction along with be financed by brand-new fees on trade collected at the border, along having a revamped points system for those applying for U.S. citizenship.

Briefing reporters inside the Roosevelt Room ahead of the president’s announcement Thursday, senior administration officials described a system for brand-new arrivals in which they said would likely be more fair along with clear along with also would likely significantly shift the population receiving American citizenship toward a much more highly educated, higher-income group.

“We want to change the composition of who is usually coming through,” a senior administration official said.

The plan is usually designed to give Republicans a positive proposal they can pitch on the campaign trail along with in negotiations with Democrats, although Trump officials acknowledge in which the idea is usually not likely to become law as is usually. Trump’s son-in-law along with senior advisor, Jared Kushner, pitched the plan to Republican senators behind closed doors Tuesday on Capitol Hill.

“What we’re doing is usually completing step one, which is usually having a proposal,” a senior administration official said. “We’ll see how everyone reacts along with then we’ll see what step two along with step three look like.”

The senior administration official quoted the Cheshire Cat via “Alice in Wonderland” to describe the purpose of the president’s brand-new plan: “If you don’t know where you’re going, the idea doesn’t matter what path you take.”

The officials said they have aggressive economic goals for the plan, predicting in which the idea would likely increase annual GDP by 0.17 percentage point over 10 years, add $500 billion in brand-new tax revenue, along with reduce spending on social safety net programs by about $100 billion.

the idea would likely do in which largely by moving away via the current family based immigration system – under which a large factor in being considered for citizenship is usually whether the applicant has family already inside the country – to an economic system in which would likely take into account the applicant’s education, employability along with even ability to create jobs inside the United States.

The plan is usually silent on the question of what to do about undocumented migrants who are already inside the United States, or the employers who hire them to fill out lower-level agricultural, manufacturing along with service work forces.

the idea also does not address the so-called Dreamers, young undocumented immigrants who arrived inside the country as children. Democratic lawmakers have made securing a pathway to citizenship for them one of their top legislative priorities.

The points system

The president’s point-based citizenship application process would likely involve a U.S. civics test for all applicants.

“Similar to AP U.S. history with high school along with college students – you’d read some of the core documents, take an online class in which many colleges offer for free along with sit for a civics exam,” the official said.

In addition to basic health along with criminal record checks, applicants would likely be awarded points for various factors, including age, English proficiency, an offer of employment or an investment along with job creation pledge, along with educational along with vocational certifications.

The officials said the goal should be to admit immigrants who develop the best chance of success inside the United States. Younger immigrants tend to adapt better over time, they said, as do those who can speak English.

“They don’t have to be Shakespeare, although they need to be able to navigate the law,” an official said.

The demand for skills

Beyond in which, the system envisions three “high skilled” categories, including those of extraordinary talent. “Right currently, there’s not genuinely a not bad way for someone like Nelson Mandela to come into the country,” an official said.

Also included inside the high-skilled category are professional along with specialized vocations in which are in demand inside the United States as well as “exceptional students” who would likely be able to apply to stay inside the county midway through their educational career with the backing of their educational institutions.

Ultimately, the officials said the president’s plan is usually to attract a changed mix of immigrants along with to benefit American workers. “We would likely like upward pressure on wages, in which’s not bad for Americans who are already here,” an official said. “We think This specific is usually incredibly pro immigrant.”

Officials said the physical infrastructure portion of the plan would likely include brand-new security at points of entry, inspection of all goods along with people coming into the country, along with completion of border wall in “designated along with prioritized areas.”

This specific would likely be financed by a brand-new self-sustaining fund to continuously upgrade border along with point of entry facilities. the idea would likely be financed, an official said, by “fees on existing trade on the border which haven’t been changed in some time – we’d put them at market rate.”

Vice President Mike Pence briefed Republican senators on the proposal over lunch on Tuesday on Capitol Hill. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has indicated he is usually open to comprehensive immigration legislation although has refrained via weighing in on specifics.

However, the White House has spent little – if any – time courting Democrats on its latest proposal, along with several of the measures are likely to face stiff opposition inside the Democratic-controlled House.