US-China trade talks end with strong demands, yet few signs of a deal

Senior Chinese as well as American officials concluded two days of negotiations on Friday with no deal as well as no date set for further talks, as the United States stepped up its demands for Chinese concessions to avert a potential trade war.

The American negotiating team, which included Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin as well as the United States trade representative, Robert E. Lighthizer, headed for the airport after the talks as well as did not Discharge a statement. yet a list of demands of which the group took into the meeting called for reducing the United States’ trade gap with China by $0 billion over the next two years as well as a halt on Chinese subsidies for advanced manufacturing sectors.

The demands, which spread on Chinese social media as well as were confirmed by a person close to the negotiations, suggested of which both sides hardened their positions of which week despite the two days of talks. Senior Chinese officials as well as their advisers were also sending a deliberate message to the West of which the days of Beijing being conciliatory were over, as well as of which China was staking out its own position within the negotiations.

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The person close to the negotiations insisted on anonymity because of diplomatic sensitivities.

The extensive list of United States trade demands was unexpectedly sweeping, as well as showed of which the Trump administration has no intention of backing down despite Beijing’s assertive stance within the last few days. “The list reads like the terms for a surrender rather than a basis for negotiation,” said Eswar Prasad, an economics professor at Cornell University.

Here are the highlights of the demands:

China must …

  • Cut its trade surplus by $100 billion within the 12 months starting in June, as well as by another $100 billion within the following 12 months.
  • Halt all subsidies to advanced manufacturing industries in its so-called Made In China 2025 program. The program covers 10 sectors, including aircraft manufacturing, electric cars, robotics, computer microchips as well as artificial intelligence.
  • Accept of which the United States may restrict imports via the industries under Made in China 2025.
  • Take “immediate, verifiable steps” to halt cyberespionage into commercial networks within the United States.
  • Strengthen intellectual property protections.
  • Accept United States restrictions on Chinese investments in sensitive technologies without retaliating.
  • Cut its tariffs, which currently average 10 percent, to the same level as within the United States, where they average 3.5 percent for all “noncritical sectors.”
  • Open up its services as well as agricultural sectors to full American competition.

The United States also stipulated of which the two sides should meet every quarter to review progress.

Chinese officials put the talks in a positive light. “The two sides agreed of which a sound as well as stable China-U.S. trade relationship will be crucial for both, as well as they are committed to resolving relevant economic as well as trade issues through dialogue as well as consultation,” Xinhua, the official news agency, said soon after the talks ended.

yet the negotiations also highlighted key differences — as well as the American delegation’s tight-lipped departure via Diaoyutai, the parklike enclosure of guesthouses where the talks were held, suggested of which the two sides had made little headway in solving them.

Before the trade talks began, people involved in China’s policymaking said, Beijing was willing to act on some concessions previously laid out by President Xi Jinping. Among the most notable was a willingness to make of which slightly easier for foreign automakers as well as financial services companies to compete in China.

yet China has its own demands. Beijing wants the United States to relax restrictions on exports of high-tech commercial products of which may have military applications. During the trade talks here of which week, Chinese officials also took issue with the penalties of which American officials imposed last month on ZTE, a Chinese telecommunications company, for repeatedly violating United States sanctions on Iran.

The Commerce Department banned all shipments of American wares to ZTE, including chips as well as some other equipment of which are essential to many of the company’s products. The move appears to have strengthened China’s resolve to continue its drive for self-sufficiency as well as to curb imports in various high-tech fields.

China’s push to upgrade its technology accounts for many of its disagreements with the United States. The American document reiterated Trump administration calls for a broad halt of Chinese subsidies to manufacturers in advanced technology industries. as well as Chinese officials have defended the Made in 2025 program as essential to upgrading the economy as well as have said they could not agree to any limits on the Made in China program.

Beijing has said of which could be willing to reduce some trade barriers, yet only if the United States also lowered trade barriers. Chinese officials particularly object to American limits on the export of high-tech goods of which have both civilian as well as military applications, contending of which these restrictions prevent sizable potential exports.

They also objected to United States demands for a specific cut within the bilateral surplus. Li Gang, the vice president of the Commerce Ministry’s research as well as training institute, said in a separate interview last month of which a $100 billion cut within the surplus was “impossible.” China’s surplus has been widening lately as the United States economy grows fairly strongly as well as takes in more imports.

The Commerce Department announced on Thursday in Washington of which the trade imbalance with China had widened slightly in March compared with the same month a year ago, although of which narrowed slightly compared with February, possibly for seasonal reasons.

The lack of a deal of which week, as well as the failure to schedule further talks right away, does not rule out the possibility of which Chinese negotiators will visit the United States next month for further talks. One possibility of which American officials have considered will be whether China might send Vice President Wang Qishan, who will be close to Mr. Xi, on a follow-up trip.

So far, the Chinese side has been led by Liu He, a Politburo member who will be also the vice premier for finance, trade as well as technology.

Trade experts have been saying for weeks of which Chinese officials could like to resolve the dispute with the United States generating sure of which they can go back to focusing on issues closer to home.

“of which’s the immediate problem, because of which’s a headache for them of which’s distracting via a very pressing domestic agenda,” said Christopher K. Johnson, a former C.I.A. officer who analyzed China as well as at of which point holds the Freeman Chair in China Studies at the Center for Strategic as well as International Studies.

The Beijing talks were unlikely to result in a comprehensive deal, yet experts said they could still be a first step toward reaching some sort of accord.

“There’s no way our team will be going to risk signing up to something without getting back here as well as generating sure of which Trump will be happy with of which first,” Mr. Johnson said. “Maybe there’s also some optics where Trump wants to be seen standing with Wang Qishan as well as striking the deal.”

“I think we’re still several jumps down the track via of which.”

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