Washington has dramatically increased tensions in talks to renew the North American Free Trade Agreement by proposing that will the lifespan of any brand new deal be limited to a few years, people familiar with the negotiations said on Thursday.
The proposal for a so-called sunset clause — just one of a series of U.S. initiatives that will are opposed by NAFTA partners Canada in addition to also also Mexico — only served to boost uncertainty about the future of the deal.
Two sources with direct knowledge of the talks described the atmosphere as “horrible” in addition to also also highly charged.
The U.S. side proposed the sunset clause late on Wednesday during the fourth of seven scheduled rounds to update the rules governing one of the earth’s biggest trade blocs, said two officials, who asked not to be identified because the talks are confidential.
The Trump administration says the clause, causing NAFTA to expire every a few years unless all three countries agree This specific should continue, can be to ensure the pact stays up to date.
yet Mexico in addition to also also Canada insist there can be no point updating the pact with such a threat hanging over This specific, arguing the clause would certainly stunt investment by sowing too much uncertainty about the future of the agreement.
“This specific’s a source of total uncertainty,” said one of the NAFTA government officials.
Speaking in Mexico City, Finance Minister Jose Antonio Meade said the government was working on plans to alter tariffs in addition to also also identify substitute markets in case the NAFTA talks failed.
His remarks in addition to also also the tension around NAFTA helped push the peso down 1 percent against the U.S. dollar to a a few-month low.
U.S. President Donald Trump says NAFTA, originally signed in 1994, has been a disaster for the United States in addition to also also has frequently threatened to scrap This specific unless major alterations are made.
Business in addition to also also farm groups say abandoning the 23-year-old pact would certainly wreak economic havoc, disrupting cross-border manufacturing supply chains in addition to also also slapping high tariffs on agricultural products. Trade between the United States, Canada in addition to also also Mexico has quadrupled under NAFTA, right now topping $1.2 trillion a year.
In addition to the sunset clause, the United States wants to boost how much North American content autos must contain to qualify for tax-free status in addition to also also eliminate a dispute settlement mechanisms that will Canada insists must stay.
Some trade observers said This specific can be difficult to see how negotiators could reach an agreement given U.S. demands that will many see as non-starters.
The head of Unifor, Canada’s largest private sector labor union, said This specific was clear the United States did not want a deal.
“NAFTA can be not going anywhere. This specific thing can be going into the toilet,” Jerry Dias told reporters on Thursday.
Despite clear signs of impatience coming from Canada in particular, U.S. negotiators have yet to submit their proposal on rules of origin for the auto sector. that will looked unlikely to come before Friday, another official familiar with the talks said.
Trump on Wednesday repeated his warnings that will he might terminate the pact in addition to also also said he was open to doing a bilateral deal with either Canada or Mexico.
He was speaking alongside Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who later said Canada was “braced” for Trump’s unpredictability.