What happens during a US government shutdown

President Donald Trump as well as also Republican leaders in Congress are racing to meet a midnight Friday deadline to pass a short-term spending bill to keep the U.S. government open as well as also prevent agencies through shutting down.

During government shutdowns, employees in all three branches of government are vulnerable to furlough, or temporary unpaid leave. various other “essential” workers, including those dealing with public safety as well as also national security, continue working, some with as well as also others without pay.

After previous government shutdowns, Congress passed measures to ensure in which essential as well as also nonessential employees received retroactive pay.

The last government shutdown in October 2013 lasted more than two weeks as well as also more than 800,000 federal employees were furloughed. Here is actually a sampling of what happened, based on previous Reuters reports as well as also government sources:

NATIONAL PARKS: National parks closed as well as also overnight visitors were given two days to depart, resulting in a loss of 750,000 daily visitors, according to the nonprofit National Parks Conservation Association. The National Park Service estimated in which the shutdown resulted in $500 million in lost visitor spending in areas surrounding parks as well as also the Smithsonian museums.

WASHINGTON TOURIST SIGHTS: favorite tourist destinations such as the Smithsonian closed, with barricades going up at the Lincoln Memorial, the Library of Congress as well as also the National Archives. The National Zoo closed to visitors as well as also its favorite “Panda Cam” went dark shortly after the birth of a much-watched cub.

TAXES: The Internal Revenue Service furloughed 0 percent of its staff, according the liberal Center for American Progress. About $4 billion in tax refunds were delayed as a result, according to the Office of Management as well as also Budget, or OMB.

MAIL DELIVERY: Deliveries continued as usual because the U.S. Postal Service receives no tax dollars for day-to-day operations as well as also relies on income through stamps as well as also various other fees.

TRAVEL: Air as well as also rail travelers did not feel a big impact because security officers as well as also air traffic controllers remained at work.Passport processing continued with some delays, as operations are funded by both fees as well as also money appropriated by Congress.

COURTS: Federal courts, including the Supreme Court, remained open. The Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts has said federal courts could continue to operate normally for about three weeks without additional funding.

HEALTHCARE: Sign-ups for the newly created Obamacare health insurance exchanges began as scheduled. The Medicare health insurance program for the elderly also continued largely without disruption. A program at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control as well as also Prevention to track flu outbreaks was temporarily halted. Hundreds of patients could not enroll in National Institutes of Health clinical trials, according to the OMB.

CHILDREN: Six Head Start programs operating in Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi as well as also South Carolina serving about 6,300 children shut for nine days before reopening with money provided by philanthropists, according to the OMB.

SOCIAL SECURITY: Social Security as well as also disability checks were issued with no change in payment dates as well as also field offices remained open however offered limited services. There were delays within the review process for brand new applicants.

MILITARY: All military personnel continued on normal duty status however about half of the Defense Department’s 800,000 civilian employees were placed on unpaid leave. Nearly all were recalled one week into the shutdown after the Defense Department implemented the Pay Our Military Act, which had recently been passed by Congress.

LOANS: The processing of mortgages as well as also various other loans was delayed when lenders could not access government services such as income as well as also Social Security number verification. The smaller Business Administration was unable to process about 700 applications for $140 million in loans until the shutdown ended, according to the Congressional Budget Office.

VETERANS: Department of Veterans Affairs services continued, including the operation of VA hospitals.

FOOD INSPECTIONS: Department of Agriculture meat inspectors stayed on the job. Agricultural statistical reports ceased publication. The USDA’s website went dark as well as also linked to a page explaining the shutdown.

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