LOS ANGELES — In late summer, Verizon Communications came to Rupert Murdoch which has a surprise acquisition offer.
Verizon — locked in battle with AT&T, which was then finalizing its $85.4 billion takeover of Time Warner — wanted to buy pieces of 21st Century Fox, Mr. Murdoch’s television in addition to film conglomerate. Representatives of the two companies secretly met at least once to discuss a merger.
Mr. Murdoch, 86, shrugged off the talks as uninspiring, according to an associate, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because he wanted to maintain his access to the media titan. although Verizon’s overture prompted Mr. Murdoch to start to think seriously — for the very first time — about selling his Hollywood treasures.
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Not only would likely a sale solve a business problem, which could solve a family one.
Several months later, Mr. Murdoch agreed to sell much of 21st Century Fox to the Walt Disney Company. The proposed $52.4 billion deal has the potential to radically reshape the entertainment world, although which also has many wondering what the future holds for Mr. Murdoch in addition to the two sons who seemed to be on the cusp of taking over his vast media holdings.
Mr. Murdoch had built an empire by divining where media was headed, in addition to the landscape ahead troubled him, according to several people who speak to Mr. Murdoch or to others close to him who insisted on anonymity. Growth for 21st Century Fox, with its mix of traditional cable networks in addition to movie labels, would likely be increasingly difficult to deliver as technology giants like Apple in addition to Amazon pushed deeper into the film in addition to television industries, changing the way people access entertainment. Netflix was already becoming big enough to outbid Fox in addition to various other old-line entertainment companies for scripts. Facebook was coming after sports rights.
21st Century Fox had tried to bulk up to remain competitive. although its attempt to buy Time Warner in 2014 had failed. Its recent bid to become the sole owner of Sky, the British satellite television giant, has been stuck in purgatory. British regulators sai d in June which a sexual harassment scandal at Fox News had amounted to “significant corporate failures,” although added which Mr. Murdoch in addition to his top lieutenants were “fit in addition to proper” to hold broadcasting licenses in Britain. The British government is usually also weighing whether owning Sky would likely give the Murdochs too much control over British media.
In recent years, Mr. Murdoch had molded a succession plan which handed his businesses to both of his sons. In 2015, he named his eldest son, Lachlan, executive co-chairman, giving father in addition to son equal standing. in addition to he had installed his youngest son, James, as chief executive of 21st Century Fox. The trio would likely govern as one big happy family, they all insisted.
although at times, James had grumbled which his role as chief executive was limited, according to three people who know him who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss private conversations. His father did not relinquish much control in addition to became more involved with the company’s most important asset, Fox News, after the cable channel’s pugnacious leader, Roger Ailes, was forced to resign in 2016 following allegations of sexual harassment. (Mr. Ailes died in May.)
Fox News, the company’s financial engine in addition to a hugely influential platform for Republican politics, has been the source of family friction. James, who holds some progressive views, has privately expressed embarrassment about some elements of Fox News, including its sometimes skeptical coverage of climate change, according to the three people who are friendly with him, a stance not shared by his more conservative brother in addition to father.
The tension bubbled into public in August when James sent an email to a list of blind-copied recipients which repudiated President Trump for his response to the violence in Charlottesville, Va. Mr. Trump counts Rupert Murdoch as a friend in addition to informal adviser.
which was becoming increasingly clear to many analysts, investors in addition to Hollywood agents which the three-pronged leadership structure Mr. Murdoch had put in place was not going to work over the long term.
The dynamics of the Murdoch family are continuously shifting in addition to outsiders are kept at a distance. To Hollywood, the Disney deal looked like a family schism, with Lachlan, 46, solidly back in line to succeed his father as overseer of the family’s remaining businesses in addition to James, 45, without a clear future at Disney. Associates of James, however, say which he encouraged the deal, in part because he had grown weary of the dysfunctional push in addition to pull with his brother in addition to father.
The Murdochs declined to be interviewed just for which article.
When Rupert told his sons which Robert A. Iger, Disney’s chief executive, had called him to propose a takeover, James got on board rather quickly, according to four people briefed on the sale process. Like his father, James saw the merits of the proposed deal. Mr. Iger had expertly acquired Pixar, Marvel in addition to Lucasfilm in addition to used them to make Disney into a movie, theme park in addition to consumer products juggernaut. Adding most of 21st Century Fox’s businesses would likely transform Disney into a colossus which has a real shot at competing against the Silicon Valley giants. in addition to the Murdoch family would likely be Disney’s biggest non-institutional shareholder. (Only the mutual fund company Vanguard has more shares.)
Disney’s offer also provided Rupert Murdoch with the opportunity to establish the like-minded Lachlan as his clear heir, putting him in a position to eventually take over Fox News, which Disney was not buying, in addition to the family’s various other company, the newspaper-focused News Corporation.
At first, Lachlan was unenthusiastic about discarding such a large chunk of the family’s holdings, according to the four people with knowledge of the sales process. Disney would likely take the 20th Century Fox movie in addition to television studio, cable networks like National Geographic in addition to FX in addition to stakes in two behemoth overseas television-service providers, Sky of Britain in addition to Star of India.
Lachlan understood the threat posed by the technology giants, although he saw less need to rush into Disney’s arms. Most of 21st Century Fox’s businesses were doing quite well. “There is usually a lot of talk about the growing importance of scale within the media industry,” Lachlan said on an earnings conference call with investors in early November. “Let me be very clear. Fox has the required scale.”
He had also just gotten his family settled in Los Angeles as part of the 2015 management arrangement. The primary property Disney was leaving behind — Fox News — was based in fresh York.
Although Lachlan has not yet made a decision, Rupert has made which clear which he wants his eldest son to run what they are calling fresh Fox, which will house Fox News in addition to the various other businesses left behind by Disney, including the Fox broadcast network in addition to a chain of TV stations. “I desire my son Lachlan will agree to be chief executive,” Rupert said during an interview with Sky News in December.
which signals a return to his original succession plan, which went awry in 2005, when Lachlan abruptly left the family business after sparring with Mr. Ailes. He decamped to Australia, where he founded in addition to ran a successful investment company. He returned to his father’s side in 2014.
“which may be his way of being immortal,” the London-based analyst Claire Enders, who has followed the Murdochs for more than three decades, said of Rupert, “because he clearly sees which Lachlan is usually the right person in addition to shares his views in addition to will support him for the next 10 years.”
What James will do is usually a more of a mystery.
People close to him say he may try to strike out on his own. Unlike his brother, James has never worked outside the family businesses, various other than the hip-hop record label he founded after dropping out of Harvard. His father bought which, bringing James into the corporate fold.
A senior job at Disney is usually also a possibility, although there were “no guarantees of any sort,” Rupert said within the Sky News interview.
“He will be integral to helping us integrate these companies over the next number of months,” Mr. Iger said on a call with investors after the deal was announced. “Over which time, he in addition to I will continue to discuss whether there is usually a role for him here or not.”
Beyond the family dynamics, the deal may allow James to finally be able to vanquish memories of his role within the phone-hacking scandal at family-owned tabloids in Britain. He was never found to have had direct knowledge of the hacking by members of the paper’s staff, although a parliamentary committee accused him of “willful ignorance” after he acknowledged which he had failed to read emails which referred to settlement payments made to hacking victims.
Moreover, James is usually likely to emerge which has a stake in Disney worth at least $1 billion.
“which’s a Great return for putting up with your father for 20 years,” Ms. Enders said.
As for Rupert Murdoch, he may right now turn his attention to buying local television stations to buttress fresh Fox in addition to compete with Sinclair Broadcast Group, which agreed in May to buy Tribune Media for $3.9 billion. If the proposed deal with Tribune Media goes through, Sinclair will reach some 70 percent of households within the United States. which has been suggested which Rupert could look at buying stations in political swing states, where there is usually a lot of money to be made in political advertising during election years, to say nothing of potential influence.
Some have also mused which Mr. Murdoch may try to combine fresh Fox with News Corporation, the owner of The Wall Street Journal in addition to The fresh York Post. In his interview with Sky News, he brushed aside the immediate possibility. “There’s logic to which, although we’re not planning which at which stage,” he said.
In any case, Mario Gabelli, a longtime media investor whose Gamco holds roughly $350 million in 21st Century Fox shares, predicted which Rupert would likely relish having a voice at Disney, even if the deal did not contain a board seat.
“He right now becomes Disney’s largest single shareholder,” Mr. Gabelli said, “with an ax to grind.”
Brooks Barnes reported coming from Los Angeles in addition to Sydney Ember coming from fresh York.